Sylvia Estrada-Claudio, Associate Professor, School of Social Services, Philippines University, Manila, Diliman, Philippines



資料 I
Appendix A: Some Notes on the History of the IWHM (Revised by the author from the original document provided by the Indian Organizing Committee of the 10th IWHM entitled, “IWHM-History”. Significant inputs from Loes Keysers and Martha de la Fuente.)

1st IWHM – 1977 Rome, Italy
In 1977 women from Europe involved in the abortion campaign and broader issues of women’s health came together in Rome, which in retrospect was called the 1st IWHM.

2nd IWHM - 1980 Hanover, Germany

3rd IWHM - June 6-8, 1981 Geneva, Switzerland
500 women from 35 countries
Host Organizations: ISIS and the Dispensaire des Femmes
Organizing Committee: Helene Bregani, Jane Cottingham, Rosangela Gramoni, Dina Leveille, Rina Nissim, Patricia Schulz.
Workshop Topics:
1. Health Poverty and Racism
2. The Role of Paramedics
3. Abortion
4. Imperialism and Population Control
5. Sexuality
6. Contraception
7. Pregnancy and Childbirth
8. Breastfeeding and Nutrition
9. Women and Madness
10. Women’s Research into Natural Medicine
11. Menopause, Lesbian Health, Dental Self-Help
12. “Women from the Third World”,
13. International Information, Documentation and Networks
14. Yoga as a Method of Contraception and Abortion
15. Women and Violence,

4th IWHM – 1984 Amsterdam, Netherland(Hollands)
Almost 499 women from 65 countries.
Theme: ‘No to Population Control, Women Decide’
This meeting was organized in the form of a tribunal.
Many issues were discussed and positions taken on:
1. Contraception, abortion and sterilization: the slogan was: "our bodies, our lives, our right to decide"
2. Drugs, a multinational issue.
3. Sexual politics, from different groups, Muslim, lesbian, women with children.
4. Population control or women's control, from different countries.
5. Women and disability
6. Racism
Host Organization: ICASC and Platform Population Politic in The Netherlands.
ICASC is the FORERUNNER OF Women’s Global Network on Reproductive Rights; WGNRR was ‘born” at this 4th IWHM.

5th IWHM –23rd – 28th May 1987, Costa Rica
Host Organization: CEFEMINA.
This was attended by about 800 women. Only 350 at the meeting came from 70-80 countries while the rest were from Costa Rica.
This was the 1st international meeting where a number of networks present also had separate meetings, both before and after the main meeting e.g. Infant baby Food Action Network and others.

6th IWHM – Nov 3-9,1990, Quezon City – Philippines
Theme: In Search Of Balanced Perspectives And Global Solidarity For Women’s Health And Reproductive Rights
This theme was decided because need to promote the perspectives of 3rd world women in the international women’s health movement.
Host Organizations:
1. Center for Women’s Resources (CWR)
3. Katipunan ng Bagong Pilipina (KABAPA)
5. Samahang ng Malayang Kababaihang Nagkakaisa (SAMAKANA)
6. WOMANHEALTH, Philippines
7. Women’s Resource and Women’s Resource and Research Center (WRRC) Organizing Committee: La-Rainne Abad Sarmiento, Leovigilda N Agustin, Dolores De Quiros Castillo, Trinidad Domingo, Sylvia Estrada-Claudio, Mercy Fabros, Josefa S. Francisco, Reena Marcelo, Ana Maria R. Nemenzo, Rosario T. Padilla, Nora Protacio, Perla B. Sanchez.
Main plenary themes: Women’s Health and Development, Women’s Health and Reproductive Rights, Violence (Militarism, Religious, Institutional) Against Women, Sexuality

7th IWHM – September 12-18, 1993, Kampala Uganda
Theme: United we stand to solve the Global Problem of Women’s Health and Reproductive rights
Host Organization: Safe Motherhood Board of the Uganda National Council of Women
Sub Themes:
1. Addressing culture and religious obstacles to improve health practices
2. Generating broader political support and understanding for women’s causes
3. Integrating women’s perspective and priorities more fully into government and donor funded health population
4. Encouraging and supporting women on efforts to improve their health and well being
5. Ensuring adequate attention to often neglected health issues such as sexually transmitted diseases, cancer, violence against women’s health after menopause
6. Broadening the linkages b/w child survival and family planning programmes
7. Increasing women’s input into the development and dissemination of reproductive and health terminologies
8. protect women against AIDS
9. Coping with causes and consequences of unwanted pregnancies.

8th IWHM- March 16th – 20th 1997, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
Theme: ‘Women’s Health, Poverty and Quality of Life’
The theme was ensured discussed in light of gender, race and social class approaches.
Host Organizations:
1. National Feminist Network for Health and Reproductive Rights
2. Coletivo Feminista Sexualidade e Sau’de
3. Geledes – Instituto da Mulher Negra
4. SOF – Sempreviva Organizacao Feminista
5. UBM – Uniao Brasileira de Mulheres
6. Casa da Mulher do Grajau
7. Casa da Mulher Lilith
8. CIM Centro de Informacao Mulher
9. Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisa sobre a Saude da Mulher/ Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo
10. Nucleo de Estudos e Pesquisa – AIDS – Universidade de Sao Paulo

9th IWHM - August 12-16, 2002
Toronto, Canada
Host Organizations: Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women and the Riverdale Immigrant Women’s Center.
1. Women’s Reproductive Rights, 女性のリプロダクティブ・ライツ
2. The Impact of Violence (State and family) on Women’s Health
3. The impact of the environment (natural and built) on Women’s Health

10th IWHM: September 21-25, 2005, New Delhi, India
Theme: Health Rights, Women’s Lives: Challenges and Strategies for Movement Building
Organizing Committee: Manisha Gupte, Padmini Swaminathan, Sarojini N.B., Sabala, Renu Khanna , Philomena Vincent, Lakshmi Lingam, Amar Jesani, Monisha Behal.
Focal Themes:
1. Public Health, Health Sector Reforms and
2. Reproductive and Sexual Health リプロダクティブ&セクシュアル・ヘルス
3. The Politics and Resurgence of Population Policies
4. Women’s Rights and Medical Technologies
5. Violence (of state, militarism, family and “development”) and Women’s Health

以下のGoogle Bookからの情報を追加した。



Solidarities Beyond Borders: Transnationalizing Women's Movements Hardcover – August 1, 2010
by Pascale Dufour (Editor)



Pascale Dufour
モントリオール大学政治学准教授、政治と社会開発研究センター(www.cpds.umontreal.ca)所長。社会運動と集団行動を比較の視点から研究している。ケベック州(カナダ)における2012年の学生動員を研究。彼女の研究は、Research in Social Movement, Conflict and Change, European Political Science review, Social Movement Studies, French Politics, Canadian Journal of Political Science, Canadian Journal of Sociology, Mobilization, Social Science Quarterlyに掲載されている。最後の著書は2013年に出版された『Trois espaces de protestation mondiale』。フランス、カナダ、ケベックモントリオール:PUM